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最高人民法院出台依法妥善审理高空抛物、坠物案件的意见(附全文)

发布时间:2019-11-14 11:05:37


RIQIAN,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANYINFA《GUANYUYIFATUOSHANSHENLIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIANDEYIJIAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《YIJIAN》),WEIYOUXIAOYUFANGHEYIFACHENGZHIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEI,QIESHIWEIHURENMINQUNZHONG“TOUDINGSHANGDEANQUAN”,TICHU16TIAOJUTICUOSHI。

《意见》指出,安徽快3针对近年来不断发生的高空抛物、坠物事件,各级人民法院要切实贯彻以人民为中心的发展理念,把维护人民群众的合法权益放在首位,充分认识高空抛物、坠物行为的社会危害性,将预防和惩治相结合,加强源头治理,依法惩治犯罪,妥善审理民事纠纷,完善相关工作机制,全面保护人民群众的人身和财产安全,保障人民群众安居乐业,促进社会和谐稳定。

《意见》强调,要明确区分高空抛物和高空坠物,二者在责任人主观方面、社会危害性方面有很大不同,在刑事定罪和民事追责方面也要予以区分。在刑事审判工作中,人民法院要充分发挥刑罚的威慑功能,用足用好刑法现有规定,对于故意高空抛物的,根据具体情形以危险方法危害公共安全罪、故意伤害罪或故意杀人罪论处,特定情形要从重处罚;对于高空坠物构成犯罪的,也要依法定罪处罚。在民事审判工作中,人民法院要综合运用民事诉讼证据规则,最大限度查找确定直接侵权人并依法判决其承担侵权责任;对于物业服务企业未尽到法定或者约定的义务,造成建筑物及其搁置物、悬挂物发生坠落致使他人损害的,也要追究其侵权责任;物业服务企业隐匿、销毁、篡改或者拒不提供相应证据,导致案件事实难以认定的,应承担相应不利后果。

《意见》要求,安徽快3人民法院要将预防和惩治高空抛物、坠物行为作为当前和今后一段时期的重要任务。在依法惩治此类行为的同时,要切实发挥人民法院在诉源治理中的参与、推动、规范和保障作用,加强与公安、基层组织等的联动,积极推动和助力有关部门完善防范高空抛物、坠物的工作举措,形成有效合力,共同预防和减少高空抛物、坠物事件,全力维护人民群众的生命、健康和财产安全。

安徽快3 FAFA〔2019〕25HAO

最高人民法院

关于依法妥善审理高空抛物、坠物案件的意见

安徽快3 JINNIANLAI,GAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUSHIJIANBUDUANFASHENG,YANZHONGWEIHAIGONGGONGANQUAN,QINHAIRENMINQUNZHONGHEFAQUANYI,YINGXIANGSHEHUIHEXIEWENDING。WEICHONGFENFAHUISIFASHENPANDECHENGFA、GUIFANHEYUFANGGONGNENG,YIFATUOSHANSHENLIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIAN,QIESHIWEIHURENMINQUNZHONG“TOUDINGSHANGDEANQUAN”,BAOZHANGRENMINANJULEYE,WEIHUSHEHUIGONGPINGZHENGYI,YIJU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXINGFA》《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOQINQUANZERENFA》DENGXIANGGUANFALV,TICHURUXIAYIJIAN。

一、加强源头治理,监督支持依法行政,有效预防和惩治高空抛物、坠物行为

1.树立预防和惩治高空抛物、坠物行为的基本理念。人民法院要切实贯彻以人民为中心的发展理念,将预防和惩治高空抛物、坠物行为作为当前和今后一段时期的重要任务,充分发挥司法职能作用,保护人民群众生命财产安全。要积极推动预防和惩治高空抛物、坠物行为的综合治理、协同治理工作,及时排查整治安全隐患,确保人民群众“头顶上的安全”,不断增强人民群众的幸福感、安全感。要努力实现依法制裁、救济损害与维护公共安全、保障人民群众安居乐业的有机统一,促进社会和谐稳定。

2.JIJITUIDONGJIANGGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEIDEYUFANGYUCHENGZHINARUSUYUANZHILIJIZHIJIANSHE。QIESHIFAHUIRENMINFAYUANZAISUYUANZHILIZHONGDECANYU、TUIDONG、GUIFANHEBAOZHANGZUOYONG,JIAQIANGYUGONGAN、JICENGZUZHIDENGDELIANDONG,JIJITUIDONGHEZHULIYOUGUANBUMENWANSHANFANGFANGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUDEGONGZUOJUCUO,XINGCHENGYOUXIAOHELI。ZHUZHONGFAHUISIFAJIANYIZUOYONG,DUIZAISHENLIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIANZHONGFAXIANXINGZHENGJIGUAN、JICENGZUZHI、WUYEFUWUQIYEDENGYOUGUANDANWEICUNZAIDEGONGZUOSHULOU、YINHUANFENGXIANDENGWENTI,JISHITICHUSIFAJIANYI,DUCUZHENGGAI。

 3.CHONGFENFAHUIXINGZHENGSHENPANCUJINYIFAXINGZHENGDEZHINENGZUOYONG。ZHUZHONGFAHUIXINGZHENGSHENPANDUIYUFANGHECHENGZHIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEIDEJIJIZUOYONG,QIESHIBAOHUSHOUHAIRENYIFASHENQINGXINGZHENGJIGUANLVXINGBAOHUQIRENSHENQUAN、CAICHANQUANDENGHEFAQUANYIFADINGZHIZEDEQUANLI,JIANDUXINGZHENGJIGUANYIFAXINGSHIXINGZHENGZHIQUAN、LVXINGXIANGYINGZHIZE。SHOUHAIRENDENGXINGZHENGXIANGDUIFANGDUIXINGZHENGJIGUANZAILVZHIGUOCHENGZHONGWEIFAXINGSHIZHIQUANHUOZHEBUZUOWEITIQIXINGZHENGSUSONGDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGYIFAJISHISHOULI。

二、依法惩处构成犯罪的高空抛物、坠物行为,切实维护人民群众生命财产安全

4.CHONGFENRENSHIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEIDESHEHUIWEIHAIXING。GAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEISUNHAIRENMINQUNZHONGRENSHEN、CAICHANANQUAN,JIYIZAOCHENGRENSHENSHANGWANGHECAICHANSUNSHI,YINFASHEHUIMAODUNJIUFEN。RENMINFAYUANYAOGAODUZHONGSHIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEIDEXIANSHIWEIHAI,SHENKERENSHIYUNYONGXINGFASHOUDUANCHENGZHIQINGJIEHEHOUGUOYANZHONGDEGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUXINGWEIDEBIYAOXINGHEZHONGYAOXING,YIFACHENGZHICILEIFANZUIXINGWEI,YOUXIAOFANGFAN、JIANJUEEZHICILEIXINGWEIFASHENG。

5.ZHUNQUERENDINGGAOKONGPAOWUFANZUI。DUIYUGAOKONGPAOWUXINGWEI,YINGDANGGENJUXINGWEIRENDEDONGJI、PAOWUCHANGSUO、PAOZHIWUDEQINGKUANGYIJIZAOCHENGDEHOUGUODENGYINSU,QUANMIANKAOLIANGXINGWEIDESHEHUIWEIHAICHENGDU,ZHUNQUEPANDUANXINGWEIXINGZHI,ZHENGQUESHIYONGZUIMING,ZHUNQUECAILIANGXINGFA。

安徽快3 GUYICONGGAOKONGPAOQIWUPIN,SHANGWEIZAOCHENGYANZHONGHOUGUO,DANZUYIWEIHAIGONGGONGANQUANDE,YIZHAOXINGFADIYIBAIYISHISITIAOGUIDINGDEYIWEIXIANFANGFAWEIHAIGONGGONGANQUANZUIDINGZUICHUFA;ZHIRENZHONGSHANG、SIWANGHUOZHESHIGONGSICAICHANZAOSHOUZHONGDASUNSHIDE,YIZHAOXINGFADIYIBAIYISHIWUTIAODIYIKUANDEGUIDINGCHUFA。WEISHANGHAI、SHAHAITEDINGRENYUANSHISHISHANGSHUXINGWEIDE,YIZHAOGUYISHANGHAIZUI、GUYISHARENZUIDINGZUICHUFA。

安徽快3 6.YIFACONGZHONGCHENGZHIGAOKONGPAOWUFANZUI。JUYOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYIDE,YINGDANGCONGZHONGCHUFA,YIBANBUDESHIYONGHUANXING:(1)DUOCISHISHIDE;(2)JINGQUANZURENGJIXUSHISHIDE;(3)SHOUGUOXINGSHICHUFAHUOZHEXINGZHENGCHUFAHOUYOUSHISHIDE;(4)ZAIRENYUANMIJICHANGSUOSHISHIDE;(5)QITAQINGJIEYANZHONGDEQINGXING。

安徽快3 7.ZHUNQUERENDINGGAOKONGZHUIWUFANZUI。GUOSHIDAOZHIWUPINCONGGAOKONGZHUILUO,ZHIRENSIWANG、ZHONGSHANG,FUHEXINGFADIERBAISANSHISANTIAO、DIERBAISANSHIWUTIAOGUIDINGDE,YIZHAOGUOSHIZHIRENSIWANGZUI、GUOSHIZHIRENZHONGSHANGZUIDINGZUICHUFA。ZAISHENGCHAN、ZUOYEZHONGWEIFANYOUGUANANQUANGUANLIGUIDING,CONGGAOKONGZHUILUOWUPIN,FASHENGZHONGDASHANGWANGSHIGUHUOZHEZAOCHENGQITAYANZHONGHOUGUODE,YIZHAOXINGFADIYIBAISANSHISITIAODIYIKUANDEGUIDING,YIZHONGDAZERENSHIGUZUIDINGZUICHUFA。

三、坚持司法为民、公正司法,依法妥善审理高空抛物、坠物民事案件

8.JIAQIANGGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUMINSHIANJIANDESHENPANGONGZUO。RENMINFAYUANZAICHULIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUMINSHIANJIANSHI,YAOCHONGFENRENSHICILEIANJIANZHONGQINQUANXINGWEIJIRENMINQUNZHONGSHENGMING、JIANKANG、CAICHANZAOCHENGDEYANZHONGSUNHAI,BAWEIHURENMINQUNZHONGHEFAQUANYIFANGZAISHOUWEI。ZHENDUICILEIANJIANZHIJIEQINQUANRENCHAZHAONAN、YINGXIANGMIANGUANG、CHULINANDUDADENGTEDIAN,YAOCHUANGXINSHENPANFANGSHI,JIANCHIDUOCUOBINGJU,YIFAYANCHENGGAOKONGPAOWUXINGWEIREN,CHONGFENBAOHUSHOUHAIREN。

9.ZUOHAOSUSONGFUWUYULIANSHIMINGGONGZUO。RENMINFAYUANDUIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIAN,YAOJIANCHIYOUANBILI、YOUSUBILI,WEISHOUHAIRENXIANSHANGXIANXIALIANTIGONGFANGBIAN。ZAISHOULICONGJIANZHUWUZHONGPAOZHIWUPIN、ZHUILUOWUPINZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAIDEJIUFENANJIANSHI,YAOXIANGDANGSHIRENSHIMINGJINLIANGTIGONGJUTIMINGQUEDEQINQUANREN,JINLIANGXIANSUO“KENENGJIAHAIDEJIANZHUWUSHIYONGREN”FANWEI,JIANQINGDANGSHIRENSULEI。DUIQINQUANRENBUMINGYOUBUNENGYIFAZHUIJIAQITAZERENRENDE,YINDAODANGSHIRENTONGGUODUOYUANHUAJIUFENJIEJUEJIZHIHUAJIEMAODUN、BUCHANGSUNSHI。

10. ZONGHEYUNYONGMINSHISUSONGZHENGJUGUIZE。RENMINFAYUANZAISHIYONGQINQUANZERENFADIBASHIQITIAOCAIPANANJIANSHI,DUINENGGOUZHENGMINGZIJIBUSHIQINQUANRENDE“KENENGJIAHAIDEJIANZHUWUSHIYONGREN”,YIFAYUYIMIANZE。YAOJIADAYIZHIQUANDIAOCHAQUZHENGLIDU,JIJIZHUDONGXIANGWUYEFUWUQIYE、ZHOUBIANQUNZHONG、JISHUZHUANJIADENGXUNWENCHAZHENG,JIAQIANGYUGONGANBUMEN、JICENGZUZHIDENGGOUTONGXIEDIAO,CHONGFENYUNYONGRICHANGSHENGHUOJINGYANFAZE,ZUIDAXIANDUCHAZHAOQUEDINGZHIJIEQINQUANRENBINGYIFAPANJUEQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。

11.QUFENZHUILUOWU、PAOZHIWUDEBUTONGFALVSHIYONGGUIZE。JIANZHUWUJIQIGEZHIWU、XUANGUAWUFASHENGTUOLUO、ZHUILUOZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAIDE,SUOYOUREN、GUANLIRENHUOZHESHIYONGRENBUNENGZHENGMINGZIJIMEIYOUGUOCUODE,RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGSHIYONGQINQUANZERENFADIBASHIWUTIAODEGUIDING,YIFAPANJUEQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN;YOUQITAZERENRENDE,SUOYOUREN、GUANLIRENHUOZHESHIYONGRENPEICHANGHOUXIANGQITAZERENRENZHUZHANGZHUICHANGQUANDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。CONGJIANZHUWUZHONGPAOZHIWUPINZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAIDE,YINGDANGJINLIANGCHAMINGZHIJIEQINQUANREN,BINGYIFAPANJUEQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。

12.YIFAQUEDINGWUYEFUWUQIYEDEZEREN。WUYEFUWUQIYEBULVXINGHUOZHEBUWANQUANLVXINGWUYEFUWUHETONGYUEDINGHUOZHEFALVFAGUIGUIDING、XIANGGUANXINGYEGUIFANQUEDINGDEWEIXIU、YANGHU、GUANLIHEWEIHUYIWU,ZAOCHENGJIANZHUWUJIQIGEZHIWU、XUANGUAWUFASHENGTUOLUO、ZHUILUOZHISHITARENSUNHAIDE,RENMINFAYUANYIFAPANJUEQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。YOUQITAZERENRENDE,WUYEFUWUQIYECHENGDANZERENHOU,XIANGQITAZERENRENXINGSHIZHUICHANGQUANDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。WUYEFUWUQIYEYINNI、XIAOHUI、CUANGAIHUOZHEJUBUXIANGRENMINFAYUANTIGONGXIANGYINGZHENGJU,DAOZHIANJIANSHISHINANYIRENDINGDE,YINGDANGCHENGDANXIANGYINGDEBULIHOUGUO。

13.WANSHANXIANGGUANDESHENPANCHENGXUJIZHI。RENMINFAYUANZAISHENLIYINANFUZAHUOSHEHUIYINGXIANGJIAODADEGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUMINSHIANJIANSHI,YAOCHONGFENYUNYONGRENMINPEISHENYUAN、HEYITING、ZHUSHENFAGUANHUIYIDENGJIZHI,CHONGFENFAHUIYUAN、TINGZHANGDEJIANDUZHIZE。SHEJIQINQUANZERENFADIBASHIQITIAOSHIYONGDE,KEYITIJIAOYUANSHENPANWEIYUANHUITAOLUNJUEDING。

四、注重多元化解,坚持多措并举,不断完善预防和调处高空抛物、坠物纠纷的工作机制

安徽快3 14.CHONGFENFAHUIDUOYUANJIEFENJIZHIDEZUOYONG。RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGJIANGGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUMINSHIANJIANDECHULINARUDAOJIANSHEYIZHANSHIDUOYUANJIEFENJIZHIDEZHENGTIGONGZUOZHONG,JIAQIANGSUQIAN、SUZHONGDIAOJIEGONGZUO,YOUXIAOHUAJIEMAODUNJIUFEN,NULISHIXIANFALVXIAOGUOYUSHEHUIXIAOGUOXIANGTONGYI。YAOGENJUMEIYIGEGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIANDEJUTITEDIAN,DAIZHEDUISHOUHAIRENDEZHENZHIGANQING,WEIDANGSHIRENJIENANTI、BANSHISHI,JINLIZUOHAODIAOJIEGONGZUO,LICUANJIESHILERENHE。

安徽快3 15.TUIDONGWANSHANSHEHUIJIUZHUGONGZUO。YAOCHONGFENYUNYONGSUSONGFEIHUANJIANMIANHESIFAJIUZHUZHIDU,YIFAJISHIDUIJINGJISHANGQUEYOUKUNNANDEGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIANSHOUHAIRENJIYUJIUJI。TONGGUOANJIANCAIPAN、GUIZEZHIYINJIJIYINDAODANGSHIRENCANJIASHEHUIBAOXIANZHUANYIFENGXIAN、FENDANSUNSHI。ZHICHIGEJIZHENGFUYOUGUANBUMENTANSUOJIANLIGAOKONGPAOWUSHIGUSHEHUIJIUZHUJIJINHUOZHEJINXINGSHIDIANGONGZUO,DUISHOUHAIRENSUNHAIJINXINGHELIFENDAN。

16.JIJIWANSHANGONGZUOJUCUO。YAOTONGGUODUOZHONGXINGSHITEBIESHIRENMINQUNZHONGXIWENLEJIANDEFANGSHIJIAQIANGFAZHIXUANCHUAN,CHIXUQIANGHUAYIANSHIFAGONGZUO,CHONGFENFAHUISIFACAIPANGUIFAN、ZHIDAO、PINGJIA、YINLINGSHEHUIJIAZHIDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,DALIHONGYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN,XINGCHENGLIANGHAOSHEHUIFENGSHANG。YAOSHENRUDIAOYANGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIANDESIFASHIYONGYINANWENTI,RENZHENZONGJIESHENPANJINGYAN。DUISHENLIGAOKONGPAOWU、ZHUIWUANJIANZHONGFAXIANDEXINQINGKUANG、XINWENTI,JISHICENGBAOZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN。 

安徽快3                      ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN

安徽快3                     2019NIAN10YUE21RI

安徽快3WENZHANGCHUCHU:ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN    


 

 

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